Nepal is a small yet extremely geographically, culturally and ethnically diverse country. The country has very fertile plains, subalpine forested hills and hosts eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain on earth at 8,848 meters above sea level. The country is made up of 26.4 million people, of which the majority lives in rural area. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital city. The Nepali people are descendants of migrants from parts of India, Tibet and parts of Myanmar and Yunnan. It is a multicultural, multilingual and multi-religious country.
The country experienced a civil war between the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) and the government of Nepal between 1996 to 2006. After ten years of violent, armed conflict, a peace agreement was signed between the parties in November 2006. Since then, the country has made efforts to become a democratic republic, but the road towards stability continues to be challenging.
In April and again in May 2016, Nepal experienced a devastating earthquakes that had a huge impact on people’s lives in the country. The reconstruction process has been extremely complex and is still in its beginnings, with a lot of humanitarian aid unable to reach the most affected people.